Reviews - Specialty Releases


Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness

Straightforward yet surprising, Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness lives up to its subject’s formidable output.

July 7, 2011

-By Eric Monder


filmjournal/photos/stylus/1257228-Sholem_Aleichem_Md.jpg

For movie details, please click here.

For those best—or solely—acquainted with writer Sholem Aleichem via Fiddler on the Roof, Joseph Dorman’s documentary Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness is a revelation. Did you know “Sholem Aleichem” was a pseudonym? Did you know the writer became a secular Jew? Did you know he was a stockbroker at the same time he was creating his greatest works? If these questions intrigue you and you have an interest in either Jewish culture or clever storytelling, then this film is for you.

Dorman ( Arguing the World) employs traditional documentary techniques to tell Aleichem’s story. Born in Russia in 1859, Solomon Rabinowitz was deemed déclassé as part of a religion and class that had money but suddenly became impoverished. The grown Rabinowitz took on several jobs to make money, finally finding a temporary niche in stock-market speculation, all the while supporting his wife and many children. But Rabinowitz expressed his creative side after hours, specifically as the author of humorous Jewish folk tales.

Published in inexpensive journals, the newly named Sholem Aleichem (translated as “Hello Again!”) gained success within his community and beyond (as the “The Jewish Mark Twain”). Sadly, Rabinowitz fell back into poverty during his final years of ill health and never learned of how widely celebrated his work would become. His most famous work, the serialized adventures of Tevye, the patriarchal country farmer, became the inspiration for Fiddler on the Roof, though the Broadway show was produced five decades after his death in 1916.

The narrators of the biography include modern-day talking-head writers and scholars, including Dan Miron, Ruth Wisse, David Roskies, Hillel Halkin, Aaron Lansky and, most memorably and dramatically, Rabinowitz’s granddaughter Bel Kaufman. Dorman accompanies the lively words with archival photos (some so crisply “cleaned up” by computer experts, they appear like stereopticon images) and a few select shots from Yiddish feature films (and, of course, the Fiddler on the Roof movie).

The most notable comments about Sholem Aleichem concern his position as a transitional, contradictory Jewish figure—concerned about the pogroms and other attacks against Jews but also yearning to assimilate and break through to the modern, less separatist world; Sholem Aleichem’s seemingly gently humor became the key to his balance of the two extremes. Also, the film does not ignore the fact that the writer’s final years were very troubled and his work become dark, uncertain and often bleak. These are the facts that Laughing in the Darkness illuminates in a clear, matter-of-fact way without excessively elevating or outright canonizing its subject.

The drawback to Dorman’s very fine film is that the English-language translations fail to do justice to the cadences of the works or Sholem Aleichem’s specialty at word play. This becomes evident when we hear a rare audio recording of the author reading one of his stories in Yiddish (but subtitled in English). Another entertaining passage—about the 1939 Yiddish film version of Tevye and the 1971 film of Fiddler and how they differ from the original text—should have come earlier in the documentary; the sequence would have immediately connected with less informed viewers and driven home Dorman’s main points at the same time. Had Dorman wanted to further illustrate the wide appeal of Aleichem, he could have shown a clip from The World of Sholem Alecheim, a 1959 TV special showcasing a Who's Who of mainstream Jewish stars. One final quibble is the lack of perspective from non-Jewish writers or scholars.

In any case, Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness avoids smarmy clichés and emerges as a solid, well-crafted feature.


Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness

Straightforward yet surprising, Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness lives up to its subject’s formidable output.

July 7, 2011

-By Eric Monder


filmjournal/photos/stylus/1257228-Sholem_Aleichem_Md.jpg

For movie details, please click here.

For those best—or solely—acquainted with writer Sholem Aleichem via Fiddler on the Roof, Joseph Dorman’s documentary Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness is a revelation. Did you know “Sholem Aleichem” was a pseudonym? Did you know the writer became a secular Jew? Did you know he was a stockbroker at the same time he was creating his greatest works? If these questions intrigue you and you have an interest in either Jewish culture or clever storytelling, then this film is for you.

Dorman (Arguing the World) employs traditional documentary techniques to tell Aleichem’s story. Born in Russia in 1859, Solomon Rabinowitz was deemed déclassé as part of a religion and class that had money but suddenly became impoverished. The grown Rabinowitz took on several jobs to make money, finally finding a temporary niche in stock-market speculation, all the while supporting his wife and many children. But Rabinowitz expressed his creative side after hours, specifically as the author of humorous Jewish folk tales.

Published in inexpensive journals, the newly named Sholem Aleichem (translated as “Hello Again!”) gained success within his community and beyond (as the “The Jewish Mark Twain”). Sadly, Rabinowitz fell back into poverty during his final years of ill health and never learned of how widely celebrated his work would become. His most famous work, the serialized adventures of Tevye, the patriarchal country farmer, became the inspiration for Fiddler on the Roof, though the Broadway show was produced five decades after his death in 1916.

The narrators of the biography include modern-day talking-head writers and scholars, including Dan Miron, Ruth Wisse, David Roskies, Hillel Halkin, Aaron Lansky and, most memorably and dramatically, Rabinowitz’s granddaughter Bel Kaufman. Dorman accompanies the lively words with archival photos (some so crisply “cleaned up” by computer experts, they appear like stereopticon images) and a few select shots from Yiddish feature films (and, of course, the Fiddler on the Roof movie).

The most notable comments about Sholem Aleichem concern his position as a transitional, contradictory Jewish figure—concerned about the pogroms and other attacks against Jews but also yearning to assimilate and break through to the modern, less separatist world; Sholem Aleichem’s seemingly gently humor became the key to his balance of the two extremes. Also, the film does not ignore the fact that the writer’s final years were very troubled and his work become dark, uncertain and often bleak. These are the facts that Laughing in the Darkness illuminates in a clear, matter-of-fact way without excessively elevating or outright canonizing its subject.

The drawback to Dorman’s very fine film is that the English-language translations fail to do justice to the cadences of the works or Sholem Aleichem’s specialty at word play. This becomes evident when we hear a rare audio recording of the author reading one of his stories in Yiddish (but subtitled in English). Another entertaining passage—about the 1939 Yiddish film version of Tevye and the 1971 film of Fiddler and how they differ from the original text—should have come earlier in the documentary; the sequence would have immediately connected with less informed viewers and driven home Dorman’s main points at the same time. Had Dorman wanted to further illustrate the wide appeal of Aleichem, he could have shown a clip from The World of Sholem Alecheim, a 1959 TV special showcasing a Who's Who of mainstream Jewish stars. One final quibble is the lack of perspective from non-Jewish writers or scholars.

In any case, Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness avoids smarmy clichés and emerges as a solid, well-crafted feature.
Post a Comment
Asterisk (*) is a required field.
* Author: 
Rate This Article: (1=Bad, 5=Perfect)

*Comment:
 

More Specialty Releases

Kingdom of Dreams and Madness
Film Review: The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness

Venture inside the hallowed hallways of Japan's most prestigious animation studio in this insightful documentary. More »

Antarctica: A  Year On Ice
Film Review: Antarctica: A Year on Ice

Thrilling, award-winning New Zealand doc about the mysterious and forbidding continent at the bottom of the world is not your usual travelogue, but a surprising exploration of the human soul and human needs. Happily, adorable penguins and stunning visuals also get screen time. More »

Remote Area Medical
Film Review: Remote Area Medical

Doc offers in-the-trenches evidence of dire need in the U.S. health-care system. More »

Immortalists
Film Review: The Immortalists

Attention-grabbing subject meets colorful characters in this science doc. More »

ADVERTISEMENT



REVIEWS

Penguins of Madagascar
Film Review: Penguins of Madagascar

Frenetic vehicle for supporting players from the Madagascar films will entertain kids but prove a little wearying for their parents. More »

imitation game
Film Review: The Imitation Game

Terrific biopic about world-class mathematician and social misfit Alan Turing, who, in spite of a painful struggle with his homosexuality, helped the Allies break the code of the Nazis' Enigma machine. More »

Player for the Film Journal International website.


ADVERTISEMENT



INDUSTRY GUIDES

» Blue Sheets
FJI's guide to upcoming movie releases, including films in production and development. Check back weekly for the latest additions.

» Distribution Guide
» Equipment Guide
» Exhibition Guide

ORDER A PRINT SUBSCRIPTION

Film Journal International

Subscribe to the monthly print edition of Film Journal International and get the full visual impact of this valuable resource for the cinema business.

» Click Here

SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

Learn how to promote your company at the Film Expo Group events: ShowEast, CineEurope, and CineAsia.

» Click Here